Project management means planning, organizing, directing and controlling resources for a limited period of time to complete specific goals and objectives. (Johnson, 1990)
Although there is no specific theoretical base for e-learning project management, e-learning project managers follow some approaches that are used to manage other types of projects,
One of these models is the Waterfall model.
The waterfall model for project management
Shackelford (2002) asserts that the waterfall system for project management.
It is the most suitable traditional system for e-learning projects.
This system is very suitable for managing software development and e-learning projects.
It goes through five stages:
- Requirements: The project is defined, the set of requirements is approved,
- the project timeline is established, and the budget is set.
- Design: In which software or courses are designed.
- Implementation: The product is delivered in its final form.
- Verification: Verification that the product meets all requirements and is free of defects.
- Maintenance: Resolving any problems caused by the product to be free of problems.
When following the waterfall model, the transition from one stage to another is done in a purely sequential manner.
The transition from a stage is not completed until the previous stage is completely completed.
The Instructional Design Project Manager needs to use the model to reflect the dual purpose of the role,
primarily project management, or the problem-solving process.
The Instructional Design Projects Project Manager must be adept at taking on multiple responsibilities.
And the development of his plan, which includes defining and confirming his goals and objectives, assigning tasks and how the goals will be accomplished,
and estimating the resources required to complete the project.
Reporting budgets and timetables for their completion. It also includes managing the execution of a project plan concurrently with
controlling the organization of operations for accuracy, performance reports related to the plan, and a mechanism for fixing problems wherever they are.
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Johnson, L. (1990). The art of project managing a project. (Videotape). Boulder, CO: Career Track Publications.
Shackelford, B. (2002). Project Managing E-Learning. Arlington, VA: American Society for Training and Development.